I= MICROBIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATIONS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE DURING BIOLOGICAL WASTE TREATMENT
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Title of Thesis
MICROBIOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATIONS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE DURING BIOLOGICAL WASTE TREATMENT

Author(s)
Imran Hashmi
Institute/University/Department Details
University Of Karachi/ Institute Of Environmental Studies
Session
2000
Subject
Environmental Studies
Number of Pages
231
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
hazardous waste, microbiological transformations, biological waste treatment, pesticides, pesticides contamination, sludge system

Abstract
No Abstract

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2193.75 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
214.07 KB
2 1 Summary 1
47.39 KB
3 2 Introduction 6
85.85 KB
4 3 Review Of Literature 14
520.21 KB
  3.1 Pesticide 14
  3.2 History Of Pesticides 15
  3.3 Classes Of Pesticides 16
  3.4 Sources Of Pesticides Contamination 18
  3.5 Health Effects Of Pesticides 18
  3.6 Pesticides Pollution In Pakistan Microbial Transformations Of Pesticides 29
  3.7 Degradation Of Pesticides By Microorganisms 34
  3.8 Metabolism Of Pesticides 36
  3.9 Pesticides And Environment 38
  3.10 Pesticides Bioaccumulation 39
  3.11 Pesticide Used In The Present Study 42
  3.12 Wastewater 50
  3.13 Wastewater Managment 52
  3.14 Wastewater Treatment Systems 52
  3.15 Purpose Of Treating Wastewater 54
5 4 Materials And Methods 69
245.59 KB
  4.1 Pesticide Used 69
  4.2 Isolation And Maintenance Of 69 Malathion Degrading Bacterial Culture 71
  4.3 Selection Of Optimum Concentration Of Malathion And Characterization 71
  4.4 Identification And Characterization Of Bactrerial Culture 71
  4.5 Morphological Characters 71
  4.6 Cultural Characterization 71
  4.7 Biochemical Characterization 72
  4.8 Growth Kinetics Studies Of Malathion Degrading Bacterial Culture Preparation Of The Medium 73
  4.9 Preparation Of The Inoculum 74
  4.10 Determination Of The Viable Count 74
  4.11 Growth Kinetic Studies In Shaking Water Bath 76
  4.12 Growth Kinentic Studies In Biosimulator 76
  4.13 Malathion Degradation Studies 76
  4.14 Malathion Degradation Studies In Shaking Water Bath 76
  4.15 High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (Hplc) Calibration Of The Instrumnet 82
  4.16 Malathion Degradation Studies In Biosimulator 83
  4.17 Design And Operation Of Biosimulator (Activated Sludge System) 86
  4.18 Physical Parameters 87
  4.19 Chemical Parameters 87
  4.20 Preparation Of Standard Curve And Standardization Of Technique 88
  4.21 Malathion Metabolites 88
  4.22 Statistical Analysis 88
  4.23 Description Of Statistical Analysis Used In The Present Study 88
  4.24 Data Employed Regression Studies 92
  4.25 Cause And Effect Relationship In Regression Studies 92
  4.26 Regression Assumptions 92
6 5 Results And Discussion 95
679.7 KB
  5.1 Isolation And Study Of Bacterial Culture Fro Malathion Degradation 95
  5.2 Identification And Characterization Of Bacterial Cuture 95
  5.3 Morphological Characteristics 96
  5.4 Microscopy 96
  5.5 Cultural And Biochemical Characteristics 96
  5.6 Growth Kinetic Studies In Shaking Water Bath 99
  5.7 Growth Kinetics Studies The Biosimulator 104
  5.8 Growth Kinetics Of Ies-Ps-1 In Sterile Diluted (1:10) Nutrient Broth (Low Cod Value) Using Biosimulator 107
  5.9 Performance Evalustion Of The Biosimulator 110
  5.10 The Biosimulator 110
  5.11 Physical Performance 110
  5.12 Chemical Performance 110
  5.13 Malathion Degradation Studies 125
  5.14 Malathion Degradation Studies In Shaking Water Bath 125
  5.15 Malathion Degradation Studies In The Biosimulator (Continuous Cultivation) 134
  5.16 Physical Performance 135
  5.17 Chemical Performance 135
  5.18 Comparison Of Do Levels In The Biosimulator 162
  5.19 Economics Of Degradation 165
7 6 Statistical Analysis And Development Of Multiple Regression Models 168
381.29 KB
  6.1 Principal Component Analysis (Pca) 168
  6.2 Data Set 168
  6.3 Results Of Pca 169
  6.4 Conclusion 181
  6.5 Future Suggestions And Research Prospects 204
8 7 References 205
310.89 KB