I= CHANGES IN THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS IN PAKISTAN: A GEOGRAPHICAL EVALUATION
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Title of Thesis
CHANGES IN THE SPATIAL STRUCTURE OF ADMINISTRATIVE AREAS IN PAKISTAN: A GEOGRAPHICAL EVALUATION

Author(s)
Khalida Zainab
Institute/University/Department Details
Department of Geography/ University of Karachi
Session
2003
Subject
Geography
Number of Pages
164
Keywords (Extracted from title, table of contents and abstract of thesis)
spatial structure, population, literacy, education, health, income, employments, transport, functional effectiveness, administrative units

Abstract
The objective of this study is two fold: a)To identify the changes that have been effected in spatial pattern of administrative areas Pakistan. b)To evaluate the spatial structure of administrative areas in terms of functional effectiveness of these areas.

Functional effectiveness has been studied using seventeen variables selected from diverse sectors like population, literacy, education, health, income, employments and transport.

These variables are highly inter-correlated hence, the use of principal component analysis as a model to explain the functional effectiveness of districts appropriate.

The study covers a period of seventeen years from 1981to 1998 both being census year. The results of 1981 analysis reveals that greater functional effectiveness has been shown by districts which include the provincial capitals or large metropolitan centers like Karachi which stands out with the highest weighted component scores. Both eastern Punjab and southern Sindh account for significant share of functional effectiveness. NWFP and Balochistan emerge as the relatively less developed in terms of functional effectiveness.

A second analysis based on 1998 data displays a pattern of functional effectiveness of districts which has a great spatial coverage as compared to 1981. northern, eastern and central Punjab display a relatively higher level of functional effectiveness reflecting increase in urban-industrial-commercial development over the seventeen years. Pockets of functional effectiveness have appeared in central NWFP and coastal Balochistan. Rest of the country shows low functional effectiveness due to low socio-economic development. Methodologically this study is based on quantitative cartographic analysis of the data. Modern like GIS and computer assisted cartographic methods have been employed in this study.

Download Full Thesis
1908.42 KB
S. No. Chapter Title of the Chapters Page Size (KB)
1 0 Contents
97.54 KB
2 1 Introduction 1-17
247 KB
  1.1 Objective 4
  1.2 District As A Planning Unit 4
  1.3 The Concept Of Functional Effectiveness 6
  1.4 Previous Studies 8
  1.5 Methodology And Procedures 15
  1.6 Significance Of The Study 16
  1.7 Data Source 16
  1.8 Organization Of Chapters 17
3 2 Evolution Of Administrative Units: An Over View 1951-1998 18-41
217.36 KB
4 3 Measuring The Functional Effectiveness Of Districts :1981 42-87
567.21 KB
  3.1 The Technique 42
  3.2 The Variables 43
  3.3 The Component Analysis Results 49
  3.4 Analysis Of Component Scores 75
  3.5 Weighted Component Scores 84
5 4 Measuring The Functional Effectiveness Of Districts: Second Analysis 1998 88-134
704.08 KB
  4.1 The Component Analysis Results 88
  4.2 Analysis Of Component Scores 114
  4.3 Weighted Component Scores 123
  4.4 The Pattern Change Between 1981-98 126
6 5 Conclusion And Suggestions 135-139
282.14 KB
  5.1 References 140-145
  5.2 Annexure 146-160